In this time of an ever-increasing carbon footprint and decreasing oxygen levels, it is no surprise that most of us are getting inclined towards adopting a sustainable approach towards life. And, one such great way to give back to mother nature, all the while ensuring healthy living is ‘gardening.’ However, since we don’t all have the luxury of having a big piece of land to work with, the best way to add some greenery at home is either on the terrace or the balcony of your house.
What is Terrace Gardening?
Terrace gardening is becoming an increasingly popular concept among urban dwellers. And the best part is that you can grow flowers, veggies, and even fruits in your garden, while enjoying fresh air in your home. To help you get started with it, here is a step-by-step guide to terrace gardening.
1. Start with the Right Soil
Before you get started with gardening, ensure you do a bit of research on the plants you intend to grow and the kind of soil they require. Also, keep in mind the weather and water requirements of the plants. This will help you get better foliage. Soil is imperative to gardening as it determines the growth of the plant. The correct blend requires soil, compost, coir peat (or sand) and vermicompost in equal quantity.
2. Go Organic
If you are planning to grow fruits and vegetables that you intend to consume, make sure you use organic fertilizers (compost and vermicompost are the best kind of fertilizers) and pesticides. You can also make a DIY organic pesticide on your own. To make the DIY pesticide: Take some green chillies and garlic and grind them into a paste. Once done, add a litre of water to it, mix well, and store it away from sunlight for few days. Now, store the solution in a spray bottle and use it on your plants weekly. This will help you keep pests away from your plants.
3. Water-proof your Roof
If you are planning to start a garden on the terrace, ensure to water-proof your roof, so that your house doesn’t suffer any damage. These days, a lot of water-proofing products are available in the market, simply take your pick. Additionally, also ensure that you have a proper drainage system in place.
Once you waterproof your terrace, it is time to divide the area into slots. The layout will help you understand what goes where.
5. Start Slow
Gardening is a slow process. Hence, don’t rush into it. Instead, take baby steps. Begin with plants you are familiar with. If you are planning to grow vegetables, then begin with the ones that grow quickly and don’t require much exertion, for example, coriander, fenugreek, capsicum, spinach, and so on. Once you are confident enough, you can develop anything, even veggies, and fruits of your choice. Cover the area with bamboo in the event that you feel that sun is too harsh for the veggies.